Ufa - the provincial capital, on the right bank of the Belaya River, on a rocky peninsula (500 feet), formed by the confluence of rivers Ufa and White, the first flows into the last little bit above the city. Residents in 1897 49961 (25257 mzhch., 24704 zhnsch.). 23 Orthodox churches. The picture on the right is made in 1910. Actually, color photography as such did not exist, but Prokudin-Gorsky it could. Traveling the country filming the city. In the photo (taken from here) shows that the city was not quite so green. Trees grown mainly in the gardens and on the street all ate cows and goats. In the picture can be seen floating bridge to the Orenburg tract in the background barely visible railway bridge, and on the mountain is clearly visible water tower in the Muslim cemetery, a little further this monument to Salavat Now the city of Ufa - a large industrial, scientific and cultural center of the capital of a multinational sovereign Bashkortostan within the Russian Federation. In the vicinity of the towns of Ufa, Samara, Kazan, Yekaterinburg, Chelyabinsk, Orenburg, Perm. The capital of Bashkortostan occupies an elevated plateau between entwined her on three sides by rivers AGIDEL (White) Karaidel (Ufa) and Demoy. The climate here, as elsewhere in the Ural region, continental, but somewhat milder than in Yekaterinburg and Perm. Winter is usually snowy and cold (average January temperature of - 15 ° C) and hot summers (to +20 ° C in June). Luxury nature of Ufa and its surroundings due to the location in the forest-steppe zone and the proximity of major rivers.
Great Soviet Encyclopedia wrote:
Ufa, the capital of the Bashkir ASSR. Located on the river. White (a tributary of the Kama) at the confluence of the rivers. Ufa and Dema. An important transport hub: JR (Lines to Moscow, Chelyabinsk, Tyulgan), river, pipeline, road and air. 942 thousand inhabitants in 1977 (49 million in 1897, 99 thousand in 1926, 258 million in 1939.547 thousand in 1959, 771 thousand in 1970). In Ufa, 7 districts. Founded as a Russian fort in 1574 on the site of the Bashkir strengthen Turatali. Since 1586 the city. In the 17th century. a large shopping center on the way from Central Russia to Siberia. From 1708 to Kazan province, from 1744 - in the Orenburg. In 1773-74 precipitated troops EI Pugachev, under the command of Txiki (Zarubin). In 1788 in the U.S. was established, headed by the Mufti of the Spiritual Administration of Muslims of all Russia (except Tauride). In 1781-96 governorship center of Ufa, Orenburg province since 1802, from 1865 - Ufa province. In 1890 the city passed through the Samara-Zlatoust then. etc. Since the 2nd half of the 19th century. development of industry in the U.S.. By the end of the 19th century. there were about 30 plants and factories (metal and food industries). In 1895 there was the Social Democratic Party. In 1900, for meetings with the local Social Democrats U. twice visited Lenin. In 1900-01 in the U.S. lived in exile Krupskaya. In 1903 was founded Ufa Committee of the RSDLP in December 1905 - the Soviet of Workers' Deputies. Owls. power was established on October 26 (November 8), 1917. In 1918, William was captured by the Whites. Ufa State Conference was held, which has created a counter-revolutionary body - Ufa directory. During the counter-offensive of the Eastern Front 1919 W. was finally liberated by the Red Army. In 1922 the capital of the Bashkir ASSR. November 27, 1974 William was awarded the Order of the October Revolution. In the U.S. born writer STAksakov, artist Mikhail Nesterov. Ufa - a major industrial center, its enterprises produce over 40% of the gross industrial output of the country. Major industries: oil refining, chemicals, mechanical engineering. On the oil arriving by pipeline from Tuimazy, Ishimbai and Western Siberia are 3 plant (Ufa, Novoufimsky they. 22th Congress of the CPSU). Most of the products of these factories are exported to western and eastern parts of the country. Among the chemical industry plants are distinguished: synthetic alcohol (production of ethyl and butyl alcohol, phenol, acetone, polyethylene etc.), rubber products, chemical (herbicides, etc.). Engineering plants produce equipment for the mining and oil industries, automotive engines, geophysical instruments, telephone equipment, light bulbs, cables, electrical equipment, typewriters, etc. There are plants: construction industry, glass fiber, tanning extracts, protein and vitamin concentrates, vitamins, meat-packing, House-Building-plywood and plywood and furniture factories, tea-packing factory, cotton mills, garment company "Mir". 4 large thermal power plant. Since the early 19th century. U.S. construction was carried out on a regular schedule. Nobility kept building, seminaries, houses in the style of classicism. In the late 19th - early 20th centuries. formed the city center dominated by an eclectic building. In owls. Time W. develops Master Plan (the last approved in 1971 by the architect L. Berlinerblau), the town created a major new residential areas were built numerous administrative, educational and public buildings. There are monuments to Lenin (marble, 1924, sculptor SD Mercury, architect D. Larionov, bronze, granite, 1967, sculptor MF Baburin, architect J. Gavrilov) Friendship Monument in 400th anniversary of Bashkiria's voluntary accession to Russia (bronze and granite, 1965, sculptors MF Baburin, GP Levitsky, architect EI Kutyrev, YI Gavrilov et al), A. Matrosov ( bronze and granite, 1951, sculptor L. Eidlin) STAksakov (bronze, 1959, sculptor TP Nechayev), Salavat Yulaev (cast iron, granite, 1967, sculptor SD Tavasiev, architects and . G. Gainutdinov), the heroes of October Revolution and the Civil War (bronze and granite, 1975, sculptor A. Kuznetsov, AV Semenov architect). In the U.S. there are: Institute of the Bashkir. branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences - Institute of Geology, Institute of Biology, Institute of Chemistry, the Institute of History, Language and Literature, as well as the departments of Economic Research, Physics and Mathematics, Biochemistry and Cytochemistry; research institutes refining, petrochemical industry, Bashkir University, 6 high schools (aviation , medicine, petroleum, agricultural, educational, Institute of the Arts), 22 specialized secondary schools. National Museum and the National Arts Museum. Mikhail Nesterov (based art collection - a collection of Mikhail Nesterov, donated them to U.S., delivered to the city in 1920), the house-museum of Lenin House-museum of Gafuri. Work (1976): the head. Drama Theatre. M. Gafuri head. Theatre of Opera and Ballet, Eng. Drama Theatre, the Puppet Theatre, Philharmonic, and the circus.
Yandex on the page devoted to Ufa in 2006, said:
The capital of Bashkortostan is 1,042,100 people (according to the latest census). According to the Public Opinion Foundation, republic, unfortunately, is lagging behind its neighbors in terms of connectedness: the weekly Internet audience here does not reach 5% of the adult population. At the same time, online index is well ahead of Ufa, Orenburg, Chelyabinsk and Samara, though inferior. Among the questions to Yandex from Ufa on the national background are allocated frequency series "Clone", "TV Bingo Show" and, of course, famous in the country, "Salavat Yulaev". But the cards and greetings Ufimtsev interested in significantly less than the average users headings - the proportion of the relevant inquiries almost half the total Russian. In Ufa, judging by the inquiries, the radio station is more interest than TV. The frequency of questions about the Radio "Maximum" is almost three times higher than the average, but about other TV channels NTV and ask a lot less often. Associated with Ufa requests from all over the Russian Mosaic are: among them, and business dedicated to the Ufa Oil Refinery, and it is the consumer, about Ufa inflatable boats. Based on questions to Yandex, the country's many admirers Ufa KVN. Often ask about the weather in the city and the train schedule - apparently, many are going to Ufa.